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What are Rape and Sexual Assault?


Sexual assault involves a perpetrator coercing or physically forcing a sexual act or non-consensual touching. Rape falls under sexual assault and includes acts like the penetration of a penis, any object or any part of the body to any extent, into the vagina, mouth, urethra or anus of another person; or making another person do so. Any sexual activity, irrespective of consent with a girl or a boy below the age of 18, constitutes statutory rape.



You can also email us at crisis@snehamumbai.org.

In Cases of Rape and Sexual Assault


Under the current law, ‘rape’ is not limited to peno-vaginal penetration. It includes any forced oral or anal sex. Remember: what has happened to you is not your fault!



Preserve evidence


It is important to preserve the evidence, so go to the nearest hospital for a medical check-up immediately. Do not have a shower or change any of your clothes, not even your sanitary napkin. It is advised that you go directly to the hospital, without urinating or brushing your teeth.

Report the crime


You have a choice not to report the crime, but if you want justice and the offender to be punished, you have to act fast.

See a doctor


A registered doctor at a private hospital is bound by law to treat you and collect the evidence, so you do not need to go only to a public hospital.

Register a complaint


You can go to a public hospital right after the incident to have the police record your statement and take the evidence. You can also register your complaint at the nearest police station. They will record all the information of the incident and send you for a medical examination.

If you or someone you know has been raped or sexually assaulted, you are entitled to legal rights protected in the The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013. This Act recognises certain additional acts as offences and has expanded the definition of rape to include acts beyond vaginal penetration. Lack of physical resistance is immaterial for constituting an offence. The law states that a woman’s consent must be unequivocally communicated for it to not constitute rape.

Read the Act

How SNEHA Can Help


SNEHA helps women and girls facing domestic violence, sexual violence and sexual harassment, and children facing sexual abuse.



Immediate relief


  • Emotional support

  • Assistance in contacting police or doctors

  • Shelter

Long term services


  • Individual, family and couple counselling

  • Legal counselling

  • Psychiatric services

  • Psycho-therapeutic services

SNEHA ensures the confidentiality of every survivor of violence. Contact Us